1995 October Australian HIV Surveillance Report

The Australian HIV Surveillance Report has been published on a quarterly basis from July 1990. Reports published from January 1994 are available below. Each report includes article(s) on topics of general interest in the epidemiology of HIV and related infections updates on the number of cases of newly diagnosed HIV infection and AIDS in Australia estimates of HIV incidence and prevalence among people seen through a network of sexual health clinics in Australia.

The Australian HIV Surveillance Update provides a brief summary of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in the most recent quarter, the most recent year and cumulative counts. The Australian HIV Surveillance Update was published separately prior to the July 2000 issue of the Australian HIV Surveillance Report. Updates post April 2000 are included in the Australian HIV Surveilance Report.

Key findings
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) has received reports of HIV infection in all but nine of the 46 countries in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. The stage of the HIV/AIDS epidemic varies widely among these countries.
  • In New Zealand and Australia, the peak in HIV incidence was over ten years ago and AIDS incidence has either begun to decline (New Zealand) or stabilised (Australia). Although Thailand may be currently close to the peak of HIV incidence, the AIDS epidemic is in a relatively early stage despite over 20,000 AIDS cases so far reported. Based on available surveillance data, other countries in the region such as Vietnam, Indonesia and China, are at early stages of the HIV epidemic.
  • The projected peak of the HIV epidemic in Asia is the year 2000 with an estimated 1.3 million infections in that year, while the peak of the AIDS epidemic is not expected until 2010. The total number of HIV infections in Asia is expected to be ultimately greater than that of sub-Saharan Africa.