1996 October Australian HIV Surveillance Report

The Australian HIV Surveillance Report has been published on a quarterly basis from July 1990. Reports published from January 1994 are available below. Each report includes article(s) on topics of general interest in the epidemiology of HIV and related infections updates on the number of cases of newly diagnosed HIV infection and AIDS in Australia estimates of HIV incidence and prevalence among people seen through a network of sexual health clinics in Australia.

The Australian HIV Surveillance Update provides a brief summary of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in the most recent quarter, the most recent year and cumulative counts. The Australian HIV Surveillance Update was published separately prior to the July 2000 issue of the Australian HIV Surveillance Report. Updates post April 2000 are included in the Australian HIV Surveilance Report.

Key findings
  • Central Australia has among the highest rates of sexually transmissible diseases (STDs) in Australia and indeed the world (National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System 1990 – 1995, State/Territory Health Department reports). Chlamydia, donovanosis, gonorrhoea and syphilis are common infections.
  • To date, there has been no known transmission of HIV infection among Aboriginal people in central Australia.
  • Health services in central Australia have had limited success in reducing STD incidence over the last ten years.
  • A meeting of the Australian health ministers in 1990 recognised the need to address these difficulties. As a result the Tri-State STD/HIV Project (TSP) was created. It is a pilot project jointly financed by the governments of the Northern Territory, Western Australia, South Australia and the Commonwealth, with a funding commitment to mid-1996. Its brief is to support existing health services to develop and implement coordinated programs to reduce STD rates and prevent HIV transmission in the region.