1997 April Australian HIV Surveillance Update

The Australian HIV Surveillance Report has been published on a quarterly basis from July 1990. Reports published from January 1994 are available below. Each report includes article(s) on topics of general interest in the epidemiology of HIV and related infections updates on the number of cases of newly diagnosed HIV infection and AIDS in Australia estimates of HIV incidence and prevalence among people seen through a network of sexual health clinics in Australia.

The Australian HIV Surveillance Update provides a brief summary of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in the most recent quarter, the most recent year and cumulative counts. The Australian HIV Surveillance Update was published separately prior to the July 2000 issue of the Australian HIV Surveillance Report. Updates post April 2000 are included in the Australian HIV Surveilance Report.

Key findings
  • Diagnoses in the fourth quarter: 1 October 31 – December 1996
    • •A total of 193 diagnoses of HIV infection, 76 diagnoses of AIDS and 77 deaths following AIDS were reported, by 31 March 1997, to have occurred in the fourth quarter of 1996. •
    • Following adjustment for reporting delay, the estimated numbers of AIDS diagnoses and deaths following AIDS occurring in the fourth quarter of 1996 were 120 and 102, respectively.
    • In comparison, 180 diagnoses of HIV infection, 174 diagnoses of AIDS and 154 deaths following AIDS were reported, by 31 March 1997, to have occurred in the fourth quarter of 1995.
  • During the fourth quarter of 1996, 37 males were reported as having newly acquired HIV infection, identified by a negative test within the 12 months prior to diagnosis or the diagnosis of HIV seroconversion illness. Exposure to HIV was attributed to heterosexual contact in Australia only in 3% of these cases.
  • People diagnosed with HIV infection in 1996 had an average age of 35 years, and 1.9% were in the age group 13 19 years. 92% were male, 7% were female and sex was not reported for 1% of cases.