1997 October Australian HIV Surveillance Report

The Australian HIV Surveillance Report has been published on a quarterly basis from July 1990. Reports published from January 1994 are available below. Each report includes article(s) on topics of general interest in the epidemiology of HIV and related infections updates on the number of cases of newly diagnosed HIV infection and AIDS in Australia estimates of HIV incidence and prevalence among people seen through a network of sexual health clinics in Australia.

The Australian HIV Surveillance Update provides a brief summary of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in the most recent quarter, the most recent year and cumulative counts. The Australian HIV Surveillance Update was published separately prior to the July 2000 issue of the Australian HIV Surveillance Report. Updates post April 2000 are included in the Australian HIV Surveilance Report.

Key findings
  • The Sydney Men and Sexual Health (SMASH) project is a cohort study of homosexually active men associated with the gay community in Sydney. The impact of HIV on the sexual and social lives of men enrolled in the study and use of treatments and other assessments of disease progression for men with HIV infection, has been monitored from 1993.
  • Men were recruited primarily from within the gay community. A total of 1,143 men have been enrolled, mainly in 1993 and 1994.
  • At enrolment, 228 men were known to have HIV infection; 25 men seroconverted following enrolment. By late 1997, over 700 men remained under follow up in the last year, representing 69% of the whole cohort including 69% of those recruited during the first year of the study.
  • Fifty men have died, representing almost 20% of men with HIV infection. Most men who have been lost to follow-up have not formally discontinued.