- By 31 December 2006, 26,267 diagnoses of HIV infection, 10,125 diagnoses of AIDS and 6,723 deaths following AIDS had occurred in Australia.
- The number of new HIV diagnoses in Australia increased by 31% between 2000 and 2006.
- The per capita rate of diagnosis of hepatitis C infection in Australia declined by 25% over the past five years to 61.1 per 100 000 population in 2006.
- Chlamydia was the most frequently reported notifiable condition in Australia in 2006 with 47,030 reported diagnoses. The population rate of diagnosis of chlamydia in 2006 was 232 per 100 000 population, a 12% increase over the rate in 2005, continuing the increase seen over the past ten years.
- The population rate of diagnosis of gonorrhoea increased by 29% from 32.8 in 2002 to 42.2 in 2006, and the rate of diagnosis of infectious syphilis increased from 3.1 in 2004 to 4.0 in 2006. These increases largely occurred in homosexual men.
The Annual Surveillance Report has been published each year since 1997. The Annual Surveillance Report provides a comprehensive analysis of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia and includes estimates of incidence and prevalence of HIV and viral hepatitis, by demographic and risk groups, patterns of treatment for HIV and viral hepatitis infection, and behavioural risk factors for HIV and hepatitis C infection.
Figures published in each Annual Surveillance Report are also available in a downloadable slide set.